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A gemstone is a mineral of gem quality. Some examples of gemstones could be agate , amber , onyx , pearl , and bloodstone . These are just some of the many gemstones that exist in this world. Gemstones tend to be naturally occurring.   


List of gemstones by species[]

This is a list of gemstones, organized by species and type.

Minerals[]

There are over 300 types of minerals that have been used as gemstones. These include:

A - B[]

  • Actinolite
    • Nephrite (var.)
  • Adamite
  • Aegirine
  • Afghanite
  • Agrellite
  • Alunite
  • Amblygonite
  • Analcime
  • Anatase
  • Andalusite
    • Chiastolite
  • Andesine
  • Anglesite
  • Anhydrite
  • Annabergite
  • Antigorite
    • Bowenite
  • Apatite
  • Apophyllite
  • Aragonite
  • Arfvedsonite
  • Astrophyllite
  • Atacamite
  • Austinite
  • Axinite group:
    • Ferroaxinite
    • Magnesioaxinite
    • Manganaxinite
    • Tinzenite
  • Azurmalachite
  • Azurite
  • Baryte
  • Bastnaesite
  • Bayldonite
  • Benitoite
  • Beryl subgroup:
    • Aquamarine
    • Emerald
    • Goshenite
    • Golden beryl
    • Heliodor
    • Morganite
    • Red beryl
  • Beryllonite
  • Beudantite
  • Biotite
  • Boleite
  • Boracite
  • Bornite
  • Brazilianite
  • Brookite
  • Brucite
  • Bustamite
  • Bytownite

C - F[]

  • Calcite
    • Manganocalcite (var.)
  • Caledonite
  • Cancrinite
    • Vishnevite
  • Carletonite
  • Carnallite
  • Carnelian
  • Cassiterite
  • Cavansite
  • Celestite (celestine)
  • Cerussite
  • Chabazite
  • Chalcopyrite
  • Chambersite
  • Charlesite
  • Charoite
  • Childrenite
  • Chondrodite
  • Chrysoberyl
    • Alexandrite (var.)
    • Cymophane
  • Chromite
  • Chrysocolla
  • Chrysotile
  • Cinnabar
  • Clinochlore
  • Clinohumite
  • Clinozoisite
  • Clintonite
  • Cordierite
    • Iolite (var.)
  • Cornwallite
  • Corundum
    • Ruby (var.)
    • Sapphire (var.)
      • Padparadscha
  • Covellite
  • Creedite
  • Cryolite
  • Cuprite
  • Danburite
  • Datolite
  • Descloizite
  • Diamond
    • Bort
  • Diaspore
  • Diopside
  • Dioptase
  • Dolomite
  • Dumortierite
  • Elbaite
  • Emerald
    • Trapiche emerald (var.)
  • Enstatite
    • Bronzite
    • Hypersthene
  • Eosphorite
  • Epidote
    • Piemontite
  • Erythrite
  • Esperite
  • Ettringite
  • Euclase
  • Eudialyte
  • Fayalite
  • Ferroaxinite
  • Feldspar subgroup:
    • Andesine
    • Albite
    • Anorthite
    • Anorthoclase
    • Amazonite
    • Bytownite
    • Celsian
    • Labradorite
    • Microcline
    • Moonstone
      • Adularia (var.)
      • Rainbow (var.)
    • Orthoclase
    • Sanidine
    • Sunstone
  • Fluorapatite
  • Fluorapophyllite
  • Fluorite
  • Forsterite

G - L[]

  • Gahnite
  • Garnet group:
    • Pyralspite
      • Almandine
      • Pyrope
      • Spessartine
    • Ugrandite
      • Andradite
        • Demantoid
        • Melanite
        • Topazolite
      • Grossular
        • Hessonite
        • Hydrogrossular
        • Tsavorite
      • Uvarovite
    • Almandine-Pyrope
      • Rhodolite
    • Andradite-Grossular
      • Grandite (Mali Garnet)
    • Pyrope-Almandine-Spessartine
      • Malaia garnet
    • Pyrope-Spessartine
      • Umbalite
  • Gaspeite
  • Gaylussite
  • Gibbsite
  • Glaucophane
  • Goethite
  • Goosecreekite
  • Grandidierite
  • Gypsum
  • Gyrolite
  • Halite
  • Hambergite
  • Hanksite
  • Hardystonite
  • Hauyne
  • Hematite
  • Hemimorphite
  • Herderite
  • Hexagonite
  • Hibonite
  • Hiddenite
  • Hodgkinsonite
  • Howlite
  • Humite
  • Hyalophane
  • Iolite
  • Jade
    • Jadeite
      • Chloromelanite
    • Nephrite
  • Jasper
  • Jeremejevite
  • Kainite
  • Kornerupine
  • Kutnohorite
  • Kurnakovite
  • Kyanite
  • Langbeinite
  • Lawsonite
  • Lazurite
  • Legrandite
  • Lepidolite
  • Leucite
  • Leucophanite
  • Linarite
  • Lizardite
  • Londonite
  • Ludlamite

M - Q[]

  • Magnesite
  • Malachite
  • Marialite-Meionite
    • Wernerite (var.)
  • Mimetite
  • Moissanite
  • Mottramite
  • Muscovite
    • Fuchsite (var.)
  • Musgravite
  • Narsarsukite
  • Natrolite
  • Nepheline
  • Neptunite
  • Nickeline
  • Nuummite
  • Olivine
  • Opal
  • Painite
  • Papagoite
  • Pargasite
  • Pectolite
    • Larimar
  • Peridot
  • Periclase
  • Petalite (castorite)
  • Pezzottaite
  • Phenakite
  • Phlogopite
  • Phosgenite
  • Phosphophyllite
  • Phosphosiderite
  • Piemontite
  • Pietersite
  • Plumbogummite
  • Pollucite
  • Polyhalite
  • Poudretteite
  • Prehnite
  • Prismatine
  • Proustite
  • Pumpellyite
    • Chlorastrolite (var.)
  • Purpurite
  • Pyrite
  • Pyrargyrite
  • Pyromorphite
  • Pyrrhotite
  • Quartz
    • Amethyst (var.)
    • Ametrine (var.)
    • Chalcedony (var.)
      • Agate
        • Iris Agate
        • Onyx
        • Sardonyx
      • Bloodstone(Heliotrope)
      • Carnelian
      • Chrome Chalcedony
      • Chrysoprase
      • Dendritic Agate
        • Moss Agate
      • Fire agate (Iridescentvar.)
      • Jasper
      • Petrified Wood
      • Sard
    • Citrine (var.)
    • Druzy (var.)
    • Flint (var.)
    • Milky quartz (var.)
    • Prasiolite (var.)
    • Radiolarite (var.)
    • Rose quartz (var.)
    • Rock crystal (var.)
    • Smoky quartz (var.)

R - Z[]

  • Rhodizite
  • Rhodochrosite
  • Richterite
  • Riebeckite
    • Crocidolite (var.)
  • Rosasite
  • Rutile
  • Scapolite
  • Scheelite
  • Schizolite
  • Scolecite
  • Scorodite
  • Selenite
  • Sellaite
  • Senarmontite
  • Sérandite
  • Seraphinite
  • Serendibite
  • Serpentine subgroup
    • Antigorite
    • Bowenite
    • Chrysotile
    • Lizardite
    • Stichtite
  • Shattuckite
  • Shigaite
  • Shortite
  • Shungite
  • Siderite
  • Sillimanite
  • Sinhalite
  • Smithsonite
  • Sodalite
    • Hackmanite (var.)
  • Sperrylite
  • Spessartite
  • Spinel
    • Ceylonite (var.)
  • Spodumene
    • Hiddenite (var.)
    • Kunzite (var.)
    • Triphane (var.)
  • Stichtite
  • Staurolite
  • Sulfur
  • Stolzite
  • Sugilite
    • Bustamite (var.)
    • Richterite (var.)
  • Sylvite
  • Taaffeite
  • Tantalite
  • Thomsonite
  • Thaumasite
  • Tinaksite
  • Titanite (sphene)
  • Topaz
  • Tourmaline subgroup:
    • Achroite (var.)
    • Chrome (var.)
    • Dravite
    • Elbaite
    • Fluor-liddicoatite
    • Indicolite
    • Olenite
    • Paraiba (var.)
    • Rossmanite
    • Rubellite (var.)
  • Tremolite
    • Hexagonite (var.)
  • Tugtupite
  • Turquoise
  • Vanadinite
  • Variscite
  • Väyrynenite
  • Vesuvianite (idocrase)
    • Californite (var.)
  • Villiaumite
  • Vlasovite
  • Wavellite
  • Weloganite
  • Willemite
  • Wulfenite
  • Xonotlite
  • Zektzerite
  • Zeolites
    • Analcite
    • Apophyllite
    • Chabazite
    • Goosecreekite
    • Natrolite
    • Stellerite
    • Thomsonite
  • Zincite
  • Zinnwaldite
  • Zircon
    • Jacinth (var.)
  • Zoisite
    • Tanzanite (var.)
    • Thulite (var.)

Artificial and lab created[]

There are a number of artificial and lab grown minerals used to produce gemstones. These include:

  • Lab alexandrite
  • Lab corundum
  • Cubic zirconia
  • Lab diamond
  • Lab emerald
  • Fordite
  • Lab moissanite
  • Synthetic opal
  • Metal-coated crystals hyped as rainbow quartz
  • Lab spinel
  • Synthetic turquoise
  • Trinitite
  • Yttrium aluminium garnet

Organic[]

There are a number of organic materials used as gems, including:

  • Amber
  • Ammolite
  • Bone
  • Copal
  • Coral
  • Jet
  • Nacre (Mother of pearl)
  • Operculum
  • Pearl

Rocks[]

Some rocks are used as gems, including:

  • Anyolite
  • Bauxite
  • Bloodstone
  • Eilat stone
  • Epidosite
  • Hawk's eye
  • Helenite (artificial glass made from volcanic ash)
  • Iddingsite
  • Llanite
  • Lapis lazuli
  • Libyan desert glass
  • Maw sit sit
  • Moldavite
  • Obsidian
  • Apache tears
  • Pallasite
  • Peridotite (also known as olivinite)
  • Soapstone (also known as steatite)
  • Tactite
  • Tiger's eye
  • Unakite

Chatoyant gems[]

Some minerals made into gemstones may display a chatoyancy or cat's eye effect, these include:

  • Andalusite
  • Aquamarine
  • Apatite
  • Beryl
  • Beryllium
  • Calcite
  • Chrysoberyl
  • Danburite
  • Diaspore
  • Enstatite
  • Emerald
  • Grandidierite
  • Hawk's eye
  • Heliodor
  • Hypersthene
  • Iolite
  • Kornerupine
  • Kunzite
  • Kyanite
  • Moonstone
  • Morganite
  • Opal
  • Peridot
  • Peristerite (Albite variety)
  • Pezzottaite
  • Phenakite
  • Prasiolite
  • Quartz
  • Rhodonite
  • Selenite
  • Sunstone
  • Serpentine
    • Antigorite
    • Bowenite
  • Smoky Quartz
  • Tanzanite
  • Tiger's Eye
  • Tourmaline
  • Ulexite
  • Zircon
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